Child labor and the second industrial

Connecting to Illinois The Industrial Revolution brought a increased need for coal to keep steam machinery running. Other factors also contributed in a major way to the decline of child labor.

Many laws restricting child labor were passed as part of the progressive reform movement of this period. Hine was outraged at the increasing number of children forced into hard labor for the survival of themselves and their families.

Simple tasks became mechanized and machinery more complicated requiring a higher level of education. This era of industrial growth transformed American society creating a new class of wealthy entrepreneurs and a comfortable middle class.

Companies sub-contract to other companies who purchase form companies located all over the world, so finding out if the products purchased were put together by children is nearly impossible. Work in agriculture was typically less regulated than factory duties.

Companies depended on the cheap wages they could pay children and would threaten to close or leave the state if any serious child labor legislation stood in their way. They worked in mines with bad ventilation and developed lung diseases.

Factories were not the only industry increasing child labor, cotton mills in the south were experiencing a surge. The power of computers to store and process information has put them at the center of the new technological age.

Parts were assembled on a moving conveyor belt, and the Model T took shape as it moved from one work station to the next.

Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West. Mining companies were oblivious to the children who were legally too young to work in the dangerous mines. They kept them locked up and forced them to work long hours.

The Second Industrial Revolution marked great progress in the methods of mass production. The agriculture and restaurant fields attract young laborers.

Industrial Revolution

The increasing number of children working plus the shocking conditions these children worked in, finally brought child labor to the attention of the public.

Factories employing children were often very dangerous places leading to injuries and even deaths. Determined efforts to regulate or eliminate child labor have been a feature of social reform in the United States since Founded inthe National Child Labor Committee NCLC began a mission of "promoting the rights, awareness, dignity, well-being and education of children and youth as they relate to work and working.

Many simple tasks done by children were mechanized, and semiskilled adults became necessary for the most efficient use of the equipment. Violations of the child labor laws continue among economically impoverished migrant agricultural workers.

The power of computers to store and process information has put them at the center of the new technological age. Students are immersed in primary source materials that relate to child labor in America from to gain a person perspective of how work affected the American child within a rapidly growing industrial society.

Children are not just working in factories or farms, they sometimes end up in human trafficking or illegal drug trade.

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Farm work was often not considered dangerous or extraneous for children, even though they carried their weight and more in loads of produce and handled dangerous tools.

During the American Industrial Revolution, these were just a few of the dangerous jobs performed by children. Economic Change in World History. Many of these immigrants came from a rural background, and they had much the same attitude toward child labor as Americans had in the eighteenth century.

These children worked in almost complete darkness. The labor reforms that came out of the investigations were to regulate and eventually end the heinous use of child labor by manufacturers and mines, but it took a long time and came about in stages.

Economics was a driving force behind child labor during the Industrial Revolution. By the second year, Hull House was serving over 2, residents every week. Born September 6,in Cedarville, Illinois, Addams grew up in an era when women were expected to marry and raise children.

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In Abbott joined the Department of Labor. She was assigned to the Children's Bureau, a division that investigated and reported issues related to child welfare that implemented the first federal law restricting child labor.

However, in the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the legislation.

Was There Child Labor During the Industrial Revolution?

Child labor was extremely common during the Industrial Revolution as the children's small body sizes made them able to reach the corners of large factory machines that adults could not.

It is speculated that children as young as four years old were employed by Industrial-era factories. Children. Era 6 -The Development of the Industrial United States ()Standard 3A -Demonstrate understanding of how the "second industrial revolution" changed the nature of work and conditions of work.

This lesson correlates to the National Standards for Civics and Government. She was assigned to the Children's Bureau, a division that investigated and reported issues related to child welfare that implemented the first federal law restricting child labor.

However, in the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the legislation. Child labor was a common practice throughout much of the Industrial Revolution. Estimates show that over 50% of the workers in some British factories in the early s were under the age of In the United States, there were overchildren under the age of 15 working in The Fair Labor Standards Act ofwhich for the first time set national minimum wage and maximum hour standards for workers in interstate commerce, also placed limitations on child labor.

In effect, the employment of children under sixteen years of age was prohibited in manufacturing and mining.

Child labor and the second industrial
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The Source-Child Labor